An exhaust under a car has three functions:
* Removal of combustion gases.
* Dissipating the heat produced by the engine.
* Mute sound
Exhaust gases leave the engine under high pressure and expand enormously immediately after leaving the combustion chambers. The explosion of the gas mixture and the expansion of the exhaust gases leaving the block create the noise, the sound or the 'sound'. The most common intention is to reduce this noise to something that children and dogs do not flee from.
Types of sound
* The sound from the exhaust ports to the first muffler.
* The sound from the dampers, the so-called break-out sound.
* The noise coming from the end of the exhaust system.
* The sound transmitted to the body by the exhaust suspension points
Types of dampers
Three ways are used to dampen the sound in the exhaust: the vane principle, the absorption principle or a combination of the two. The fact that almost all car manufacturers opt for an exhaust according to the bulkhead principle has two reasons: The manufacturing costs are low and the noise reduction is quite good.
But there are some drawbacks to the partition system. It stands in the way of an optimally fast discharge of exhaust gas so that the back pressure can become (too) high. The resulting build-up of heat inside the mufflers will also increase the temperature of the engine and, in the worst case, could lead to cherry red exhaust bends and burnt exhaust valves. In addition, poor gas evacuation impedes the engine's exhalation so that the engine is throttled. Think of the joke with the potato in the exhaust pipe. Clearly better are dampers that work according to the absorption principle, the dampers that are sold under the nickname 'sports dampers'.
You can best imagine these mufflers as a thick pipe through which the exhaust gases are discharged directly. The pipe is perforated at the level of the damping part and provided with soft and heat-resistant damping material all around. The exhaust gases can thus continue their way without hindrance while there is indeed damping because the sound, the vibrations in the air, are absorbed by the damping material.
A good absorption damper hardly needs to make more noise than a bulkhead damper, at most that sound is of a deeper sound. The bad reputation comes from cheap absorption exhausts that produce a lot of noise. In addition, it is not only China where less good stuff comes from. From the USA we know the Cherry Bombs, thin long absorption dampers with little absorption material. This results in a fierce and blaring exhaust note. (Among connoisseurs this sound is also called 'the sound of people without money'.)
With a good absorption exhaust you will not get into a fight with the neighbors and - with a possibly adjusted nozzle occupation - 5-15% more power can be extracted from a block. In addition to more power, the gain is also in a higher torque (pulling power).
The most durable material used in the (sports) exhaust industry is stainless steel. Two types of stainless steel are used: AISI 409 and 304. 409 Is more flexible and very heat resistant. It will show surface corrosion. 304 is a bit harder but will not rust (almost). Therefore, 409 is well suited for the exhaust front pipe and 304 for the rest including the mufflers.
With a good, well-made stainless steel system, the exhaust can be guaranteed for life. However, beware: there are also big differences here. An example of how it should not be damper inserts that are not made of stainless steel, or the use of only fiberglass as absorption material, so that sooner or later the dampers 'blow empty'.
There are a few companies in the Netherlands that have a very good reputation in the field of exhausts, where EPS makes many of the eyes of American V8 enthusiasts shine.
Please help us keep this website and the articles on offer free. Subscribe yourself Auto Motor Klassiek and also receive the magazine 12 times a year in the mail. Or donate a desired amount on our payment page via this link. We are certainly grateful for it.
Enjoy daily free stories about vintage cars in your email and sign up for free.